The Mayan civilization flourished in Mesoamerica (southern Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and Belize) between about 200 and 1,000 AD.
There were many different tribes and periods as the variety of architectural wonders in these photographs shows.
Among the achievements of the Maya are one of the earliest appreciations of the number zero, the development of accurate calendars, and the use of hieroglyphics. All this at a time when Europe was in the dark ages.
The top photo shows the Pyramid of Kukulcan at Chichen Itza and below is the Observatory at the same city. Chichen Itza is in Mexico and is a very popular tourist attraction.
Also in Mexico but not as popular with tourists is Uxmal. The very large and beautiful Sorcerer's Temple is shown below.
Tikal is in Guatemala and is surrounded by the jungle with which it was until recently overgrown. The photo below illustrates how well hidden by jungle the buildings must once have been.
Also in Guatemala is Yaxha. While not far from the very popular Tikal, it is rarely visited by tourists and so one can almost have it all to oneself. Much of this city is still covered by jungle.
by Charlie Nelson